Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most controversial topics in psychiatry today, with disputes over the diagnosis, treatment, and physiological cause of the disorder.  ADHD is a neurological disorder characterized by a group of behavioral problems including inattention, hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and various developmental issues (NIMH 2007).

In the United States, the diagnosis of ADHD relies on a psychiatric assessment by a trained professional according to a set of symptomatic criteria; however, the diagnosis process is considered arbitrary by many respected scientists and physicians (NIMH 2007).  ADHD treatment, which is also under dispute, consists of several possible medication treatments, various behavioral treatments, and any combination of the two (NIMH 2007).

Overall, the information about ADHD remains to be highly disputed and inconclusive, yet the prevalence of its diagnosis and treatment seems to be increasing, particularly with the rise of prescribed stimulant usage as well as unprescribed stimulant usage in schools across America.  Many students use prescription medicines intended for those diagnosed with ADHD unfairly to their advantage, either through attaining a prescription unnecessarily or through prescriptions of their peers.

Fortunately, this may no longer be the case for the future of ADHD diagnosis and treatment.

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